1 structure of a medical research paper: key content elements, writing tips and examples of reporting guidelines from the equator website section key content reporting guidelines that provide recommendations on reporting information relating to: study design / methodology. This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information. Example b is an example from a poorly written results section it includes material which does not belong to the results section such as interpretation and discussion it focuses on the figures representing the results, rather than the results themselves and it does not introduce and refer to the figures correctly. Conclusions and recommendations paper masters discusses how to properly write conclusions and recommendations for research papers in the conclusions and recommendations section (typically chapter v of a thesis), you present your interpretation of the results given in results section (usually chapter iv) you also draw conclusions from your analysis of those results and then make. Sample paper in econometrics this is a sample research paper for an introductory course in econometrics it shows how to communicate econometric work in written form the paper integrates many writing instructions and rules into a single example and shows how they all fit together the empirical results section should present and discuss.
Of participating, an explanation how to acquire the results of the research, availability of counseling services, voluntary participation, and contact information of the researchers example method section 2 that they may cease participation at any time the researcher then asked the participants to please. Research papers, the first section is an abstract, a short outline of the paper that clarifies both what the paper will be examining, what is found, and in most cases a one line explanation of why the findings are important to the field. Results: the imrad structure, in those journals, began to be used in the 1940s in the 1970s, it reached 80% and, in the 1980s, was the only pattern adopted in original papers in the 1970s, it reached 80% and, in the 1980s, was the only pattern adopted in original papers.
A guide to writing scientific papers a research paper is a method of communication, an attempt to tell others about some specific data that you have gathered and what you think those data mean in the context of your research [the results section continued for several more paragraphs] b excerpted from: sato, s and dickinson, hg. The example comes from a 6-page research paper in linguistics, which is why less than a hundred word abstract is a perfect fit however, there are other examples of abstracts that presuppose a longer text. These sample sizes should be accurately reported in a column in the table of mean scores in the results section in other cases, missing data may exclude the participant from the study entirely for example, in a pre-post test study, 100 participants completed the pre-test, but only 86 participants completed the post-test. In the methods section, you can write that you recorded the results, or how you recorded the results (eg, in a table), but you shouldn’t write what the results were—not yet here, you’re merely stating exactly how you went about testing your hypothesis.
The results section of a research paper describes to the reader the outcome and findings of the research project using some simple techniques in the preparation of this section produces a clear and comprehensible presentation of your research. Sample apa paper 2 abstract the abstract is a one paragraph summary of the report write in block style (the first line is not indented) and use 120 words or less. In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data if you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of building upon those and expanding them.
Sample one-experiment paper (the numbers refer to numbered sections in the publication manual) paper adapted from “effects of age on detection of emotional information,” by c m leclerc and e a kensinger. Sample apa research paper sample title page running on empty 1 running on empty: results, and conclusions sample abstract running on empty 2 research has focused mainly on how nutrition affects cognition however, as green, elliman, and rogers (1995) point out, the effects of food deprivation. The results section of an apa format paper summarizes the data that was collected and the statistical analyses that were performed the goal of this section is to report the results without any type of subjective interpretation. The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied the results section should simply state the findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a logical sequence. Writing an empirical paper in apa style introduction, method, results, and discussion each section of the paper requires at least one sentence in the abstract methods and results usually require more than one sentence each to make an original contribution to a research area method the method section is a detailed breakdown of the.
The results section of any qualitative report should be much longer than this example and provide more detail, including more justification for why you chose your themes, but this example provides an idea of the approach you need to take. Research papers qualitative data analysis 2008 qualitative data analysis 2008 class session 9 introduction to publishing options for disseminating study results include options for disseminating study results include journals, books, newsletters, conference journals, books, newsletters, conference july 15——complete the. How to write the results and discussion michael p dosch crna ms june 2009 results components of results section results should answer main hypothesis or research question(s) conclusion should be consistent with study objectives/research question explain how the results answer the question under study emphasize what is new. The next stage of any research paper: writing the results section, be sure to include negative results - writing a results section without them not only invalidate the paper, but it is extremely bad science 74 example of a paper 75 example of a paper 2 76 mla writing format 761 citations.
Running head: how to write the methods, results, and discussion 1 title: how to write a research paper method, results, discussion, and conclusions without developing an overwhelming and compulsive urge to kill. 40 results section of research paper example jobs found, pricing in gbp first 1 last use excel to run tournament results through a ranking equation 6 days left verified i had a tournament last weekend and we have to start ranking our players i have a log of the game results and an equation i. A good place to start for your results section, it’s to restate the aim and objective of your research paper, so that your readers can refocus on the core of your academic article so far in your research paper, your readers covered the introduction , literature review , research methodology and now it’s the time and place to bring their. Writing research papers writing is easy all you do is stare at a blank sheet of paper until drops of blood form on your forehead some journals call for a combined results and discussion, for example, or include materials and methods after the body of the paper the purpose of a results section is to present and illustrate your.
(you might choose to create a separate implications section for your paper or you might choose to fold your implications into another section of the paper 2 the following action research projects were selected during winter 2003 to provide exemplars of the possible range for teachers' action research project. The purpose of this paper is to describe and model apa-style of writing for research reports each section of an apa-style paper is described and is written according to the apa-style guidelines to allow you to use it as a model.